Naturopathic medicine is a distinct system of primary healthcare — an art, science, philosophy and practice of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of illness. Naturopathic medicine is distinguished by the principles upon which its practice is based. These principles are continually reexamined in light of scientific advances. The techniques of naturopathic medicine include modern and traditional, scientific and empirical methods. The following principles are the foundation of naturopathic medical practice: First Do No Harm, Support the Healing Power of Nature, Identify and Treat the Cause, Doctor as Teacher, Treat the Whole Person, Prevention. Naturopathic Doctors (NDs) are trained as primary care physicians and utilize a wide variety of tools including, herbs, clinical nutrition, homeopathy, and hydrotherapy. NDs are also trained in the safe use of physical medicine, prescription drugs, and minor surgery, but are not licensed to use those modalities in NY State at this time.